Linocuts are very similar to woodcuts. It is a printing method using a sheet of linoleum, in which a subtractive cutting method is used to take away the parts of linoleum where you want to leave the white of the page, and keep the parts you want to be inked! In the result you have a linocut that can reproduce the same image over and over again.
DID YOU KNOW? While linoleum was first invented in the 1860s, it wasn't used as a medium for printing until the early 1900s in Germany, where it was first used for making patterns on wallpaper! Artists ranging from Pablo Picasso to Henri Matisse have made linocuts.
There are many different techniques for block printing, but it is essentially using a carved material covered in ink to transfer an image on to paper or fabric. Block printing can be done with wood, linoleum, rubber, or many other materials. The first step is to sketch the design. It is important to reverse the image if you are using text, as the printed image will be the reverse of what is on the block. Once I have the image ready, I then transfer the design on to the carving material to give me an outline of where to carve. The next step is to carve the design. I carve away the parts that I don’t want to print, as the ink will be applied to the raised surfaces to print the design. I then roll the ink on to the block and press it down onto the paper or fabric.
DID YOU KNOW? Block Printing is one of the oldest types of printmaking, and has been around for thousands of years. There is evidence that it existed as early as the fifth century BC, with actual fragments found from as early as the fifteenth century. It has been done around the world, with roots in India, China and Japan.
SURFACE PATTERN DESIGN
Surface design is any type of artwork (pattern, illustration, hand lettering, etc.) made by a designer that is intended to be applied to a surface to enhance its visual appearance and/or functionality. I create artwork specifically to be applied as surface decoration. This could include patterns, illustrations, hand-lettering, and artwork in all sorts of styles, as long as they’re made to enhance the appearance or functionality of a product. The style options for pattern design are endless.
DID YOU KNOW? Surface design is everywhere. It is something that is all around you. A designer created the patterns in pretty much everything you own, wear, and use. From your bed sheets and your towels, to the clothes you are wearing. Before there was a product, there was a pattern design for it.
Gelliplate printing is a form of art called monoprinting and previously in order to do it you had to have a press to transfer the paints from the plate to the paper or fabric. Today there is a new application called a gelli plate, which is a soft silicone plate that allows you create beautiful monotypes without a press. basically you apply paint on the plate with a brayer put a paper on the plate, press with your hands or the brayer and the paint is transferred from the plate to the paper.
DID YOU KNOW? An important thing to remember about gelli printing is that the result is random. Although you control the paint, the pattern and the texture you never really know what you'll get.
SILK SCREEN PRINTING
Screen printing is the process of pressing ink through a stencilled mesh screen to create a printed design. It’s a popular technique used in a whole range of different industries, so even if you've never heard of the term before today, it’s likely that you’ve worn or used a screen-printed product at some point without even realising. The process is sometimes called serigraphy or silk screen printing, but all of these names refer to the same basic method.
DID YOU KNOW? A silkscreen printer usually makes a limited edition. An edition of a fine art print includes all images published at the same time. Editions of silkscreens range from 1 to 500 prints. Edition size can be determined by the printing process itself, as when a stencil wears out, but usually the edition is limited by the artist. Since the stencils are destroyed after printing, each edition is unique.
Freemotion embroidery is a technique where you draw with the sewing machine and move the fabric freely in any direction. It’s an extremely versatile way to create patterns with thread, and when it’s done well it can be quite beautiful. You can use it to create free hand embroidery, or to add details to applique.
DID YOU KNOW? Ancient Greek mythology has credited the goddess Athena with passing down the art of embroidery along with weaving, leading to the famed competition between herself and the mortal Arachne.